During the Holocaust, 99% of the Jews from the Lublin district in the Generalgovernate of German-occupied Poland were murdered, along with thousands of Jews who had been deported to Lublin from elsewhere.
Initially, the Jews of the Lublin Province were not organised into ghettos as they were elsewhere. Eventually, an official ghetto was established in Lublin on the 24 March 1941.
The Nazis established more than 200 labour, prison and concentration camps in the Lublin Province, including three extermination camps: Sobibor, Belzec and Majdanek. At the same time, Lublin remained one of the centres of the resistance movement in Poland.