I was born on 30th June 1930 in Lodz, Poland. My parents and my sister lived in the Lodz ghetto. My father died in the ghetto. The rest of the family ended up in Auschwitz where my mother and sister died. I then went to Buchenwald and finally Theresienstadt where I was liberated in May 1945.
I came to England with the first group of Boys in August 1945 and was looked after in Windermere. After I moved to London and made a new life working as an accountant and eventually set up my own business.
My friend, Dr Rosemarie Bailloud, made the square for me and decided to make it look like books because I have always surrounded myself by books and they have always formed a major part of my career.