After the persecutions of Kristallnacht (9 November 1938) when the local population supported the Nazi storm-troopers, the Jews of the rural communities of Hesse were forced to move to larger towns. From there, they were deported to concentration camps in eastern Europe.
There were 1,058 Jews in Fulda in June 1933, this number had fallen to 415 by May 1939. The yeshivah in Fulda remained open until 1939. The Jews of Fulda were deported to Riga, Lublin and Theresienstadt.